Our work environment has a central effect on a variety of parameters related to the work itself, such as productivity and satisfaction from the workplace, and on the other hand ourselves, with an emphasis on our physical health.
From the dawn of human history, people went to work. There were those who went out to hunt, were those who worked in agriculture, and for every job there were different characteristics of the body’s strained physical actions. With the time and development of technology, human beings have learned to delegate tasks on machines, thereby evolving industrial branches; But now most of us find ourselves sitting for hours and working in front of a computer.
While working in front of the screen our body is in a position that is usually not natural to it, during many hours, and sometimes without the movement of organs such as the legs or the feet. This posture, combined with the inadequate planning of the workplace, may create congestion on the neck, shoulder blades, and fingers; To create damage to tendons, nerves, and muscles – and all these pressures are not initially felt but only when they are already inflamed, accumulate, and create real damage.
Tips for planning a workspace
Any work differs from others, but suppose for the demonstration in our workplace there is a chair and table, a computer screen, a keyboard, and a mouse.
The most important thing to understand about planning a workplace is that it is an individual matter. A working environment that is adapted to one person is not suitable for another person, since the location and tuning of each element in the environment should match the employee’s body data.
Therefore, all the elements mentioned above, from the chair on which the employee sits, to the mouse he uses, should be positioned at the distance and the angle that corresponds to the employee himself.
The computer chair
- Should be tuned so that the feet of the sitting on it will be fully placed on the floor. In such a way the hips are supported as needed on the seat.
- The backrest should be fixed in such a way that the hip cavity will be full, and thus the lumbar vertebrae are accepted by the full support they need.
- The angle between the seat and the backrest should be slightly dull, and not as straight as many mistakenly think, namely instead of 90 degrees it should be slightly larger than 100 degrees.
Desktop or Computer table
- Unless the staff are particularly high or extremely low, the height of the average table should range between 72 and 76 centimeters.
- It is important that the worker can sit when his hands are fully supported in front of the table, along with the fingers and wrist.
- It is recommended that you place your computer screen in such a way that the worker can focus his gaze without adopting the eyes too much.
- As we said, each employee should have an ideal distance that suits him, but average distance of 60 centimeters between Computer screen The eyes are considered quite effective.
Keyboard and mouse
- Many love to lift the top of the keyboard on two feet, but in the long run it is a very uncomfortable typing for the fingers of the hands, and it is recommended that the keyboard be flat and no elevation or bias.
- The mouse has a place next to the keyboard, by the dominant hand of the employee. When you grip it and move the mouse cursor on the screen, the part of the hand that is supposed to work is the forearm and not the wrist.